|ASSESSMENT OF WATER SOURCES, PREVALENCE OF WATERBORNE DISEASES AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC CATEGORIES FOR BETTER FOCUSING OF INTERVENTION EFFORTS IN HOUSEHOLD DRINKING WATER SUPPLIES
|Amatobi, D. A.
|Adenaike, O. A.
This paper provides the basic data for better focusing of intervention efforts for the provision of safe drinking
water for household communities. The study surveyed households in 11 communities and obtained information
from 330 water consumers in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Data was generated
on the sources of drinking water, prevalence of waterborne diseases and socio-demographic categories. Water
samples from the major sources of drinking water in the study area were taken and analyzed for colonies of
microorganisms, coliform organisms and E-coli. The sources of drinking water in the study area are the water
boreholes (71.21%) sachet water (9.70%), spring water (8.79%), harvested rainwater (6.67%) and others (3.63%).
The prevalence of waterborne disease include typhoid fever (20%), diarrhea (14.55%), dysentery (7.27%) and
Hepatitis A (1.52%). The prevalence of typhoid fever and diarrhea was high among consumers of water from
boreholes and sachet water, which are the major sources of drinking water. The study found a strong association
between age bracket and prevalence of waterborne diseases ((R2 = 0.855, F = 15.720, P < 0.005). The study
concludes that safe drinking water interventions in the study area should focus more on improving microbial water
quality in terms of water abstraction, treatment and storage. The study recommends that stakeholders who offer
safe drinking water interventions supply in Afikpo and Unwana Towns should consider the provision of
hardware/technical facilities that are simple to maintain and that guarantee safe water quality in the long run.
|EFFECT OF WELDING CONSUMABLES ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE OF WELD JOINT IN A WELDED MILD STEEL
|Nnachi, B. O.
|Jasper, C. O.
The paper looks on the effect of welding consumables on the microstructure of a welded mild steel. Steel is an
alloy of iron and carbon and it is usually cast into malleable form. Welding is the process of coalescing materials
such as metals or thermoplastic in order to seamlessly join them. The welding processes undertaken in this work
were shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) and the electrodes used were E6013 and E7018 and oxy-accetylene was
used with mild steel filler metal. Preparation of test samples and the methallurgical phenomena involved were
carried out using the required equipment. The effect of welding on the microstructure of a welded mild steel and
microstructural examinations were also studied and presented. The results of the study are shown in picture form
and discussions and conclusion were also given.
|THE IMPLICATION OF APPLYING ANSOFF MODEL ON MARKETING PERFORMANCE FOR NIGERIAN AUTOMOBILE COMPANIES. A CASE STUDY OF INNOSON VEHICLE MANUFACTURING PLANT NNEWI
|Nnachi, B. and Okafor, G. O.
This study aims to determine the impact of Ansoff model application on marketing performance on
INNOSON vehicle manufacturing company. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was developed
and distributed. The study population consists of all INNOSON vehicle manufacturing Company employees, and
convenience sample was selected 150 questionnaire were distributed, 110 were recalled which representing (73%)
of the sample. The study finds that there is a strong impact of Applying Ansoff Model (market penetration strategy,
product development strategy, market development strategy, diversification strategy) on marketing performance
in INNOSON vehicle manufacturing Company. The study made some recommendations which enable the decision makers to use the strategies of Ansoff Model in effective way, this will help INNOSON vehicle manufacturing
Company to increase the levels of marketing performance and to achieve its objectives, as survival, growth,
achieve benefits and profits